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known as capsicum and is used in medicine as a pungent stomachic and
carminative in doses of J to 2 grains. Capsicum also occurs in the official
preparations of Tinctura capsici (dose, 5 to 15 minims) and Unguentum
capsici (chillie paste).

Symptoms.—In large doses capsicum acts as an irritant poison and causes
difficulty of swallowing, pain in the stomach and inflammation of the oesopha-
gus and stomach. Locally applied, it produces irritation of the skin.

Medico-Legal Points.—Chillies are used in India for the purpose of tor-
ture, when money or confession of some guilt has to be extorted. They are
either introduced into the vagina, rectum or urethra, or rubbed on the
breasts of females. The u Pindaris " used to torture their victims by cover-
ing their heads with nose-bags containing chillies. Well-pounded chillies are
sometimes thrown into the eyes to facilitate robbery. A peon in Calcutta
cashed a cheque for four thousand rupees, and while he was passing through
Dalhousie Square a man threw a quantity of well-pounded chillies into his '
eyes and blinded him for the time being. When the peon was in agony the
man relieved him of his money and tried to make good his escape, but was

A case20 occurred in Bombay, where five undertrial prisoners were
being taken in a motor lorry to the Esplanade Police Court under the police
escort. When the lorry had reached the junction* of Jackeria Masjid and
Mohmadali Road, one of the prisoners flicked the cap off the head of one of
the constables escorting them. The lorry was stopped to enable the con-
stable to recover his head-gear, when, seizing the opportunity, the other
prisoners in the lorry flung chilly powder into the eyes of their escorts, blind-
ing them, and, in the confusion that ensued, the five prisoners jumped out of
the lorry, dashed across the street and made their escape in a waiting car.

The fumes arising from burning chillies are very irritating to the eyes
and upper air-passages, and are used by superstitious people to scare away
devils and ghosts.

The seeds which are contained in a capsule, resemble datura seeds.

This tree belongs to N.O. Anacardiaceae.   Its fruit, called marking nut
(Bhilawan), weighs 25 to 55 grains, and has a hard, black rind within which

is a thick pericarp. The pericarp
or fleshy pulp
seed   abounds
oily,   acrid  juice,



Fig. 174.—Marking nuts.

the fruit or
a brownish,
which turns

black when mixed with lime
and exposed to air, and is used
by dh obis (washermen) as
" marking ink" for linen and
cotton clothes. Pillay and Sid-
diqui27 have isolated the fol-
lowing constituents from the
juice of the pericarp: —

1. A monohydroxyphe nol,
named semecarpol, which boils
at 185-90°C. at 2.5 mm. pres-
sure, congeals below 25°C. to a
fatty mass and forms 0.1 per
cent of the extract.

25.    Leader, Aug. 27, 1926.

26.    Times of India, July 6, 1950, p. 11; see also Times of ludia, April 15, 1951.

27.    Jour. Ind. CTiem. Soc., 1931, Vol. VIH, p. 517.